Clouded Leopard

Neofelis nebulosa

Cloudy Cat

As their name suggests, the clouded leopard has cloud-like spots on their fur. They weigh between 25 to 50 pounds, with males generally twice the size as females.

About the Species

Clouded leopards have an amazing climbing ability due to specialized anklebones.

These specialized bones make it possible for the clouded leopard to climb upside down, hang from their back feet, allow them to grab prey with front paws, or even climb headfirst down a tree. The clouded leopard's long tail provides for balance while climbing. They are also good swimmers. Clouded leopards are ambush predators stalking, their prey from the ground as well as the trees. They prey upon small deer, wild boars, monkeys, birds. These beautiful cats are listed as vulnerable by the IUCN Red List. Threats to clouded leopard include habitat loss and poaching, both contributing to the decline in wild population. Clouded leopards are believed to solitary except for when breeding or mothers caring for their young. Females have 1 to 5 cubs, who are born helpless, relying on their mothers for the first part of their life.

Words From the Experts

Quotes

The SSP (Species Survival Plan) organizes the breeding of many endangered animals held in AZA-accredited zoos. Our pair of clouded leopards had a cub born here on April 25, 2014, who now currently lives at the Little Rock Zoo in Arkansas

Kristen

Did You Know?

The clouded leopard has the longest canines compared to their skull and body size than any other cat.

Facts

Origin

Southeast Asia

Habitat

Tropical forests

Size

About 2.2-3.5 feet long, with a 2-3 foot tail, Weigh between 11kg to 22kg (24lb to 49lbs) with males being considerably larger than females

Diet

medium sized hoofed animals such as deer, wild boar, also gibbons, macaques, slow loris, birds

Predators

Humans, tigers and leopards

Natural Defenses

Nocturnal nature and climbing ability

Reproduction

Females can give birth to 1-5 cubs, but the average is 2-3 cubs per litter

Status

Vulnerable

Life Expectancy

11-13 years

  • Saving Animals From Extinction
  • Culture Builds Florida
  • Florida Association of Zoos and Aquariums
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