Greater One-horned Indian Rhino

Greater one-horned Indian rhino

Rhinoceros unicornis

 Quick Facts

Greater one-horned Indian rhino

Found:  India and Nepal
Size:  2nd largest land mammal
Weight: 3,500 lbs to 5,000 lbs
Diet:  plants, grass, fruit, leaves, scrubs
Life Span: 30-45 years
Status: Threatened

At one time, close to 100 rhino species existed (even some here in Florida) but today, only five species exist.  There are two species in Africa, the white rhino and the black rhino.  Both have two horns.  In Asia, three species exist.  The Sumatran rhino is the smallest and hairy.  The Javan is the most endangered with less than 50 individuals in the wild.  And the greater one-horned rhino, like PJ at the Zoo.  They resemble armor plating with wart-like bumps on their skin.  These are really folds of skin.  Their horn is small and made of keratin, like your fingernails.  They have a prehensile upper lip that is used to grasp bunches of grass.  They have an excellent sense of smell and hearing that helps detect danger, but a very poor sense of sight.  Rhinos are very fast and can run up to 24 mph and are very agile despite their large size.  They like to roll in mud to keep cool and control biting insects.  

Be sure to visit the PJ at the

Indian Rhinoceros Outpost! 

Greater one-horned Indian rhino    Greater one-horned Indian rhino    Greater one-horned Indian rhino