African Bullfrog

Pyxicephalus adspersus

A Big Leap

The African bullfrog is one of the largest species of frog, often weighing several pounds. They are burrowers, spending most of their lives underground to escape the harsh conditions of the climate they live in.

About the Species

During dry seasons, African bullfrogs go through a process called aestivation.

Aestivation is a time similar to hibernation; but instead of being onset by winter, aestivation happens during times of extreme drought and heat. The African bullfrog will burrow down to avoid high temperatures, reducing its breathing and metabolism to almost nothing in order to save energy. African bullfrogs can stay in this state for many months, and only emerge during the short rainy season to mate. Mating is quite the ordeal, with males battling for females. Males actually take care of the young tadpoles once they hatch! Because of their large size, this species is commonly targeted by locals for a food source.

Words From the Experts


During mating season, male African bullfrogs will battle each other. Dominant males will leap into the air and collide, until one is victorious!


Did You Know?

The African bullfrog is an ambush predator. It waits patiently, while buried in the sand, for prey to come by- then snatches its meal in its huge mouth!



Southern Africa


Savannah, grasslands, and desert


2 pounds (average) | 10 inches long (average)


Primarily eat insects, reptiles, other amphibians


Turtles, lizards, birds

Natural Defenses

Camouflage by burying in sand and mud


Up to 4,000 eggs per clutch


Least Concern

Life Expectancy

Up to 45 years

  • Saving Animals From Extinction
  • Culture Builds Florida
  • Florida Association of Zoos and Aquariums