This species gets its name "milk" frog from the milky substance they secrete from their glands when threatened.
Amazon milk frogs have sticky toe pads to aid in climbing trees. Even during the breeding season, they do not come down out of the trees. Males stake out a tree hole or bromeliad that is full of water and calls to females. A female then comes and lays her eggs and the male fertilizes them. Males will actually then call for a second female. She lays eggs and these eggs, unfertilized, will be food for the tadpoles.
Although this species is common, they are highly dependent on tall trees. Therefore, deforestation and habitat loss is a concern for this species in the future.
The Amazon milk frog is also known as the mission golden-eyed tree frog or "sapo canoeiro", meaning boatman frog. Their croak sounds like oars tapping the side of a canoe.
Up to four inches in length
Insects, small vertebrates
Snakes, birds, lizards, mammals
Milky poisonous substance
Females lay up to 2000 eggs per clutch
Up to 25 years