Amur Leopard

Panthera pardus orientalis

The most critically endangered big cat

Amur leopards are one of just ten subspecies of leopard but can be recognized by its pale coat.

About the Species

Cats adapted to the cold.

The native range of these big cats spans between southern Russia to Northern China. They have thick coats to keep them warm during the winter seasons but have no problem adapting to weather conditions. They are critically endangered and it is believed there are fewer than seventy remaining in their natural habitat. In human care, there are around 200 individuals and worldwide conservation efforts are in effect to restore the population.

Words From the Experts

Quotes

This is quite a playful young boy. He loves playing with enrichment items and is always willing to participate in his voluntary training.

Christina

Did You Know?

Leopards are primarily solitary unless mating. They are skillful and opportunistic hunters—feeding on a wide variety of food. They'll stalk their prey within a few meters before making the pounce.

Facts

Origin

Amur basin of China

Habitat

Temperate forests

Size

Up to 48 kg (105 lbs.) and over 7 feet long

Diet

Opportunistic carnivores—primarily hunt hare and deer

Predators

Top predator, though competes with Amur tigers

Natural Defenses

Sharp teeth and claws, camouflage, ability to climb trees

Reproduction

90 day gestation, typically has litter of 1-6 cubs

Status

Critically endangered

Life Expectancy

10 to 15 years

  • Saving Animals From Extinction
  • Culture Builds Florida
  • Florida Association of Zoos and Aquariums
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