Amur Leopard

Panthera pardus orientalis

The most critically endangered big cat

Amur leopards are one of just ten subspecies of leopard, and is distinguishable by its pale coat.

About the Species

Cats adapted to the cold

The native range of these big cats spans between southern Russia and northern China. They have thick coats to keep them warm during the winter seasons but have no problem adapting to other weather conditions. They are unfortunately critically endangered, with fewer than seventy believed to be remaining in their natural habitat. In human care, there are around 200 individuals and worldwide conservation efforts are in effect to restore the population to a healthy, stable level.

Words From the Experts

Quotes

This Amur leopard is quite a playful young boy! He loves playing with enrichment items and is always willing to participate in voluntary training.

Christina

Did You Know?

Leopards are primarily solitary unless mating. They are skillful and opportunistic hunters, feeding on a wide variety of food. They'll stalk their prey within a few meters before making the pounce.

Facts

Origin

Amur basin of China

Habitat

Temperate forests

Size

48 kg (105 lbs.) | 7 feet

Diet

Hare, deer, and other small mammals

Predators

Top predator but competes with Amur tigers for food

Natural Defenses

Sharp teeth and claws, camouflage, ability to climb trees

Reproduction

1–6 cubs per litter

Status

Critically endangered

Life Expectancy

10–15 years

  • Saving Animals From Extinction
  • Culture Builds Florida
  • Florida Association of Zoos and Aquariums
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