Amur Leopard

Panthera pardus orientalis

The most critically endangered big cat

Amur leopards are one of just ten subspecies of leopard but can be recognized by its pale coat.

About the Species

Cats adapted to the cold.

The native range of these big cats spans between southern Russia to Northern China. They have thick coats to keep them warm during the winter seasons but have no problem adapting to weather conditions. They are critically endangered and it is believed there are fewer than seventy remaining in their natural habitat. In human care, there are around 200 individuals and worldwide conservation efforts are in effect to restore the population.

Words From the Experts


This is quite a playful young boy. He loves playing with enrichment items and is always willing to participate in his voluntary training.


Did You Know?

Leopards are primarily solitary unless mating. They are skillful and opportunistic hunters—feeding on a wide variety of food. They'll stalk their prey within a few meters before making the pounce.



Amur basin of China


Temperate forests


Up to 48 kg (105 lbs.) and over 7 feet long


Opportunistic carnivores—primarily hunt hare and deer


Top predator, though competes with Amur tigers

Natural Defenses

Sharp teeth and claws, camouflage, ability to climb trees


90 day gestation, typically has litter of 1-6 cubs


Critically endangered

Life Expectancy

10 to 15 years

  • Saving Animals From Extinction
  • Culture Builds Florida
  • Florida Association of Zoos and Aquariums