Aruba Island Rattlesnake

Crotalus durissus

A Rare Rattlesnake

The Aruba Island rattlesnake has a short and stocky-looking body, with a rattle-tipped tail. Its main body color is brown with a lighter brown tail tip. Their scaly skin also has pink, blue and brown diamond-shaped markings.

About the Species

The Aruba Island rattlesnake is one of the rarest rattlesnakes in the world!

This species is rare because it only exists naturally on the small island of Aruba, where just 25 square kilometers of habitat remains undisturbed. Aruba Island rattlesnakes belong to the viper family, and like other vipers it has a V-shaped head and venomous long hollow fangs which fold against the roof the mouth when not used.

Words From the Experts

Quotes

The Aruba Island rattlesnake is one of the rarest rattlesnakes in the world! There is only 25 square kilometers of habitat left in the wild where they are found.

Dave

Did You Know?

This snake is nocturnal in the warmer months but active throughout the rest of the year in early mornings and late afternoons.

Facts

Origin

Aruba Island (off the coast of Venezuela)

Habitat

Rocky, dry

Size

95 cm | .09–1.4 kg

Diet

Small rodents, birds, lizards

Predators

Crested Caracaras, merlins, osprey

Natural Defenses

Coloration, venom, rattle on tail

Reproduction

Ovoviviparous (eggs hatched within body); 5–9 babies per litter

Status

Critically Endangered

Life Expectancy

12–20 years

  • Saving Animals From Extinction
  • Culture Builds Florida
  • Florida Association of Zoos and Aquariums
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