Spotted Turtle

Clemmys guttata

See Spot Swim

The spotted turtle is a small turtle, aptly named for the yellowish spots on its dark shell. This turtle is native to eastern North America, but populations are declining and therefore this species is on IUCN's Red List of Threatened Species.

About the Species

This turtle is semi-aquatic, spending much of its time in and around bodies of freshwater.

The spotted turtle is most commonly seen in the spring, basking in the sun near a body of water. They are dormant in the winter, burrowing in the mud to hibernate. In the spring, when they emerge, the mating season begins. The males will chase the females through the water in order to mate. After mating, females leave the water in search for a suitable nest site, and lay clutches of 2-7 eggs in well-drained, sandy soil. There are many threats to the spotted turtles survival, which is why they are listed as endangered on IUCN's Red List. Spotted turtles are small, and the juveniles and eggs are especially predated upon by many predators. The spotted turtle has also been over collected for the pet trade. Spotted turtles are susceptible to habitat changes, as wetlands are converted for housing or agricultural land. Additionally, gravid (egg bearing) females are often hit by cars as they leave the pond searching for a nest site. The fragmented populations of spotted turtles across eastern North America require further protection in order to ensure their survival.

Words From the Experts

Quotes

How many spots does a spotted turtle have? Hatchlings tend to only have one spot per scute on their shell. However, the number of spots increases with age, meaning some adults have over 100 spots!

Erin

Did You Know?

Spotted turtles bury down in the mud of shallow water during extreme temperatures, whether in the hot summer months or cold winter months.

Facts

Origin

Native to eastern North America, from Florida to Canada. However, the populations are extremely fragmented.

Habitat

Marsh, swamp, bogs, shallow lakes. The spotted turtle prefer any body of water with a soft bottom.

Size

Up to 5 inches in length

Diet

Spotted turtles are omnivores, eating a variety of worms, slugs, snails, crustaceans, insects, and frogs. This is supplemented with algae and plant material.

Predators

Raccoons and muskrats especially love spotted turtles, but they are predated upon by many predators, especially the juveniles and eggs.

Natural Defenses

Spotted turtles will swim away to escape and burrow into the mud at the bottom of the body of water

Reproduction

Females lay clutches of about 2-7 eggs

Status

Endangered

Life Expectancy

30 years or more

  • Saving Animals From Extinction
  • Culture Builds Florida
  • Florida Association of Zoos and Aquariums
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